Diabetes is a state when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin (a hormone whose work is to regulate blood sugar) to process blood sugar or blood glucose.
Uncontrolled diabetes adverse effects can lead to raised blood sugar (also known as hyperglycemia), that extremely damages the body’s system including the nervous system and the blood vessels.
In united states, a figure of almost 30.2 million; a percentage of 27.9 to 32.7 of the age (18 years and above) from Trusted Source both diagnosed and undiagnosed, experience diabetes over the total population .
Without due prevention measures to manage and control diabetes, build up of sugars in the blood, is so harmful as it can increase risks of dangerous complications like heart diseases and stroke.
Managing diabetes conditions, depends on the type. Not all diabetes are caused by overweight or lifestyle change, some are present from childhood.
Types of diabetes.
There are three major diabetes types that can arise. They include: Type 1 & 2, and gestational diabetes.
Type I diabetes:
When insulin becomes insufficiently produced by the body, causes type 1 diabetes (juvenile diabetes). People affected by this type, must take artificial insulin every day in order to stay alive.
Type 2 diabetes:
This depends on how the cells respond to insulin being produced by the body as it once did or used to. Absolutely, this forms the most common type of diabetes affecting most people who have strong links with obesity.
When the body becomes less sensitive to insulin during pregnancy, a pregnant woman might be diagnosed by this type of diabetes. However, many women during pregnancy are not affected, but it’s normally resolved immediately after delivery/giving birth or sometimes the condition suddenly vanish completely with time.
Monogenic and cystic fibrosis-related diabetes, forms less common diabetes types.
With blood sugar that ranges between 100 – 125 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), constitutes to borderline diabetes or prediabetes.
Levels between 70 and 99 mm/dL, constitutes to normal blood sugar, where fasting blood sugar more than 126 mg/ dL, relates to diabetes.
At prediabetes level, it means that the blood glucose is higher than the normal required glucose of between 70 and 99 mm/dL but not so higher than 126 mg/dL to be diabetic.
However, prediabetes symptoms among people, stands a greater risk to type 2 diabetes with minor symptoms of full diabetes.
Prediabetes and type 2 diabetes, share equivalent risk characteristics. They include:
– gestational diabetes.
– high blood pressure history
– a family/ancesteral history of diabetes.
having HDL (high-density lipoprotein).
– having lower than 40 mg/dL or 50 mg/dL cholesterol level.
– PCOS history – (polycystic ovary syndrome history).
– 45 years aged and more.
– over than 9 pounds birth weight.
– being of Latin-American, Native-American, African-American, or Asian-Pacific-Islander descent.
– sedentary lifestyle.
Healthful changes that can ideally stop type 2 diabetes progression on a prediabetes identified person, are stipulated by the doctor. More concern put on your healthful diet behaviour and losing weight, can likely help to prevent the disease.
Rise in insulin problems may be due to a number of factors.
For type 1 diabetes, exact initial causes are unknown by doctors. However, causes for type 2 diabetes (insulin resistance) are more open, understandable and clearer.
Glucose from food during digestion, under the help of insulin, it’s allowed to access the body cells in order to supply the energy. Insulin resistance is as a result of the following cycle:
– A person’s environment or genes that limits the production of more or enough insulin to cover the amount of glucose they eat.
– Extra insulin being tried to be made by the body to process the excess glucose.
– During circulation of excess blood sugar in the blood due to the failure of the pancreas to keep up with the increased demands.
– Blood sugar increasing over time due to the fallen capability or ineffectiveness of the insulin to introduce glucose to the cells.
There is always a gradual insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes case. In attempt to slow this cycle, doctors usually recommend the patient to adopt lifestyle changes.
Tips on exercise and diet:
Lifestyle changes is always recommended to persons affected by type 2 diabetes to support their overall health by reducing weight.
Mostly, the affected persons are always referred to a nutritionist by the doctor. The specialist can help the patient live an active life by managing the condition through balanced lifestyle.
Steps a diabetic can take to embrace a diabetes condition lifestyle.
These steps which can be taken include:
– Switching on to vegetables, fruits, grains, low-fat dairy, lean proteins and nuts and other healthy fat sources.
– Avoid high-sugar foods or totally do away with sweetened sodas, high-Density sugar desserts and fried foods which consists of empty calories (no nutritional benefits calories).
– Excessive alcohol drinking refraining and if possible consider alcohol intake to less than one and two drinks per day for women and men respectively.
– Physical exercise engagement of an equivalent of about 150 minutes per week, that is roughly at least 30 minutes exercise daily for 5 consecutive days like swimming, riding a bike, aerobics, meditation, yoga, jogging or brisk walk.
– Being more keen during your exercise period. If you can sense, feel or experience profuse sweating, weakness, confusion and dizziness during exercise. As these might form signs of low blood sugar condition in your body.
– Take steps to reduce your BMI (Body-Mass-Index). With this, type 2 diabetes can be managed freely without medication if taken into serious consideration over lifestyle activities. Long term benefits can actually be retained through setting goals over slow, steady weight loss.
– Using insulin: To keep the blood sugar levels from becoming high, type 1 and 2 diabetes may need to inhale or inject insulin to stabilize their blood sugar levels.
Having grouped by how long their effect lasts; rapid, intermediate, long-acting, regular insulin are the available types of insulin.
With the help of a finger stick, a person will check his glucose levels before using short-acting insulin or long-acting insulin injections.
A glucometer is the device name for the special portable device which helps in checking the blood sugar levels.
The device helps the patient to determine how much insulin is needed to be added or injected in the body.
The only perfect way a person can find out blood sugar levels, is through self monitoring.
Diabetes being a serious chronic disease, it has been marked as the number seven leading cause of death in the United States, by the ADA (American-Diabetes-Association)
Besides diabetes being manageable through insulin injections and other measures, it’s complications caused, are very severe and can affect your daily life. If these complications are not taken good care of earlier enough, can be fatal.
These complications include:
– diabetic neuropathy and other nerve damages.
– heart disease.
– foot problems.
– lose of sight or eye problems.
– gum and dental related diseases.
– kidney disease/kidney failure which can lead to bladder control difficulties and water retention in the body.
For type 2 diabetes, damaging complications can be managed through:
– moderate glucose intake.
– monitoring blood glucose levels regularly
Control measures with type 1 diabetes; taking insulin is the only way to moderate and control the effects of the conditions being experienced or out to be soon experienced.